How cool is it that we reached our destination in a moment like with a wink. Are you kidding me….? No, I’m not. Seriously, it’s not a magic or some kind of sorcery, but it’s a science and it’s already known to you that science is purely based on experiments and logical facts, nothing else. Whatever it is, today we will discuss, What is teleportation? and it’s possibilities. The above-mentioned phenomenon is called teleportation. So tighten your seat belts and let’s go for a ride. Let’s get started.
What is teleportation?
In simple words, teleportation is the theoretical transfer of matter or energy from one point to another without changing the physical space between them. It is a common subject in science fiction literature, film, video games, and television. You probably know it best from the film called “Star Trek”. We can say that in some situations teleporting is time traveling across space.
Since 1993, energy and particle teleportation has become a hot topic in quantum mechanics. That year, the concept moved from the realm of impossible to theoretical possible. Physicist Charles Bennett and a team of IBM researchers confirmed that quantum teleportation is possible, but only if the original object being teleported was destroyed.
Since that time, experiments using photons have proven that quantum teleportation is, in fact, possible. The work continues today, as researchers combine elements of telecommunications, transportation, and quantum physics in astounding ways.
Note: Chinese researchers teleported a photon from Earth to a satellite in orbit more than 500 kilometers above.
How is that possible?
Teleportation is actually possible, thanks to a property of quantum mechanics called “Quantum Entanglement.” It occurs when two or more particles are forced to hold mutually exclusive states, so determining one simultaneously determines the other.
This entanglement continues even when the photons are then separated. It means that if one of the photons changes, the other photon in the other location changes too. Prof Sandu Popescu, from Bristol University, has been working on quantum entanglement since the 1990s.
Let me clarify it in a simple way, teleportation is transmitting the state of a thing rather than sending the thing itself. Like a fax machine – it sends information on a piece of paper rather than the paper itself. The receiving fax machine gets the information and applies it to the raw material in the form of paper that is already there.
How will human teleportation be possible?
Prof Popescu says,”The laws of nature offer protection. If someone was to intercept the information you could detect it because whenever you try to observe a quantum system you disturb it. There are significant barriers still to overcome. But this is how transformative change begins.” Sadly, the transporters like in “Star Trek” are not only a far-future possibility but also perhaps a physical impossibility.
There is an example of a double slit experiment with electrons. If we fire the electrons through slits and doesn’t observe the whole phenomenon then the electron behaves differently. But when we repeat the whole experiment with the observation then the electron behave differently. Like they share the information faster than light mutually. Which seems to be impossible as of now because it violates Special Relativity Theory. This happens because if we observe the entanglement process between two objects then the wave function between them collapses.
If we have to teleport the human or any object then first we have to dematerialize the whole object into the smallest particles (i.e into atoms) with the help of some kind of a chamber. Then we have to send those dematerialized atoms with the help of quantum entanglement principle to the destination into another chamber. And we have to rematerialize the dematerialized object again at the destination from the receiving chamber. Which seems quite messy and impossible.
Note: Let me remind you one thing that in the Hindu mythology the deities especially Rishi Muni Narada used the same kind of technology to reach from one destination to other just in a wink.
After all, a transporter that enables a person to travel instantaneously to another location might also require that person’s information to travel at the speed of light – and that’s almost impossible according to the Einstein’s theory of special relativity.
So that’s it for today guys. I hope you would have enjoyed it. If you have any suggestions and queries related to the post, let me know in the comment section below. Please do share this post to your circle to explore the knowledge you must know.