You must have played gully cricket during childhood. Isn’t it? Especially, if you are an Indian. Literally, this game blazes in DNA of every Indian. Some rules of gully cricket were weird or literally horrible, like one tip one hand out, seriously?. A batsman will declare out if the ball goes inside any houses around us, what? and many more like that. Quite interesting but how beautiful days were they? Isn’t it? But the rules of dismissals in international cricket is quite a bit different and typical too than our own. Haa…haa…So in today’s article, we will discuss all the legitimate ways to dismiss a batsman. So without any further ado, let’s get started.
At present, there is a total of 10 legitimate way of dismissals in international cricket. So let’s take a look at those ways of dismissals one by one precisely.
Common ways of dismissals
Below is some very common way of dismissals which we often see during an international cricket match.
Being caught out is the most common way of dismissal for the batsman. There are three sub-categories of it.
- Caught Behind: It happens when a legitimate delivery delivered by the bowler hits the bat or any part of the gloves of the batsman and the ball is caught by the wicket-keeper without touching the ground.
- Caught & Bowled: It happens when the bowler catches the ball after it is hit by the bat or gloves of the batsman.
- Caught by fielder: It is similar to caught-and-bowled, except the catch taken by one of the 9 fielders, not by the bowler and wicket-keeper.
If the bowler’s legitimate delivery hits the stumps and bails get completely dislodged from the grooves of the stumps, the batsman declares out.
It happens if a batsman steps out leaving no part of his/her bat or any part of the body behind the popping crease and the wicket-keeper dislodges the bails, the batsman is declared out. Even bat or any part on the crease regarded as out.
Note: Stumped is the only form of dismissal in which wicket credit goes to bowler even when the delivery is not legitimate (wide-ball).
4. Leg Before Wicket (LBW):
In this type of dismissal, a batsman can be given out Leg Before Wicket (LBW) if and only if the ball hits his/her body or any sports equipment other than the bat or gloves, and the ball was assumed to hit the stumps.
For the batsman to be out, the ball should have an impact outside the off-stump and by judging its bounce, spin or swing, it should have gone hit the stumps.
Note: The batsman won’t be given out if the ball hits bat or glove before touching the body or if the ball is pitched outside leg-stump. However, the batsman can be given out if the ball is outside off-stump and the batsman doesn’t offer a shot (more likely in test cricket).
5. Run out:
It happens when the fielder dislodges the bails while either of the two batsmen fails to make his/her ground while running between the wickets, the batsman is declared run-out.
It is mandatory for a fielder to touch the ball before it hits the wicket for the run-out to be legitimate. If the striker hits the ball and it strikes the stumps on the other end while the non-striker is out of the crease, it will be marked run-out only if the bowler has touched the ball before it hits the wicket.
Note: The batsman must have something behind the popping crease to be safe. On the popping crease regarded as out.
Below is some very rare way of dismissals which are not seen very often. You will see them very rarely.
6. Obstructing the field (Handled the ball):
If a batsman intentionally obstructs the game by his/her words or action, he/she may be given out of obstructing the field. If a batsman willingly running in such a way that it prevents the ball from hitting stumps can be given out by the umpire on appeal from fielding team.
Recent incident: In the recently concluded IPL-2019, Amit Mishra (Delhi Capitals) declared out by the umpire under this when founded intentionally obstructing the field.
Note: If a batsman touches the ball with the hand, not in contact with the bat for any purpose other than to protect himself/herself from any injury or to return the ball to the fielder, he/she is found guilty of this charge under the ICC code of conduct.
7. Hit Wicket:
If a batsman dislodges the bails or the stumps with his/her body or any sports equipment while attempting to play a shot or beginning his run, he/she is termed as hit-wicket. While a batsman won’t be given out if he/she dragged himself/herself into the stumps to avoid a run-out.
Note: A popular hit-wicket incident occurred in a Test match when a bouncer by Dwayne Bravo (Windies) hit the helmet of Kevin Pietersen (England) and the helmet fell on the stumps, he was declared out.
8. Hit the ball twice (Double hit):
When a batsman hits the ball twice, he/she is declared out. The first touch is when the ball strikes the bat. The second touch has to be deliberately with the bat or the body of the batsman.
Note: The batsman can stop the ball from hitting the stumps by his/her body. No batsman has been given out till date.
9. Retired out:
In this type of dismissal, a batsman is considered retired out if he/she leaves the field without the prior acquiescence of umpire apart from any injury and fails to resume the innings. However, the batsman can resume the innings only with consent from the opposition team captain. Also, if a batsman who is retired hurt fails to return to the crease during the play, is not declared retired out.
Note: Only two batsmen have been given retired out in international cricket till date. One is Mahela Jayawardhane (Sri Lanka) and the other is Marvan Atapattu (Sri Lanka), Interestingly, it was in the same innings against Bangladesh in 2001.
It happens, if a batsman fails to arrive at the crease within a certain time limit, he/she is given out by the umpire on an appeal from the opposition team. The time limit is three minutes for ODI and Test cricket and two minutes for T20Is. Also, if a batsman doesn’t resume his/her play after a break, he/she can be declared timed-out.
Note: Once upon a time, in an India Vs South Africa Test match where Sourav Ganguly (India) took nearly five minutes to arrive at the crease, but the opposition team didn’t appeal therefore, he was allowed to carry on.
Special Note: There also exists a very weird but a legitimate way in cricket to get the batsman out is popularly known as “Mankading”. It is named after a legendary Indian bowler Vinoo Mankad. Yes, you heard it right. Although it is not a new way of dismissal. It is considered as a run-out.
It is a method of running-out where a bowler dismisses a non-striker batsman by dislodging the bails before bowling when he/she is outside the crease. Though this is a legally permissible dismissal, it is considered against the spirit of the game. Weird, Isn’t it?
Note: If you remembered a popular incident happens recently in the IPL-2019 during a match, Rajasthan Royals vs Kings XI Punjab. The Kings’s captain and bowler Ravichandran Ashwin dismissed Jos Buttler in this fashion.
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