If you are a science lover and explorer like me then this post is just for you. Today, I will discuss a person whose vision seems to be a science fiction but whatever in the future, his vision has given a revolution in the science and technology stream. In this article, I will discuss on Elon Musk, a next level visionary of our generation. So without any further ado, let’s get started.
Who is he?
Elon Reeve Musk is an entrepreneur and investor. He was born June 28, 1971, in Pretoria, South Africa. He holds the citizenship of three countries i.e South Africa, Canada, and the U.S.A. He is the founder, CEO, and lead designer of SpaceX; co-founder, CEO, and product architect of Tesla Inc.
The co-founder and CEO of Neuralink; and co-founder of PayPal. In December 2016, he was ranked 21st on the Forbes list of The World’s Most Powerful People. He has a net worth of $22.3 billion and is listed by Forbes as the 54th-richest person in the world in October 2018.
He was born in South Africa but he moved to Canada to attend Queen’s University at the age of 17. Two years later, he moved to the University of Pennsylvania to pursue degrees in Economics and in Physics from the College of Arts and Sciences.
He began a Ph.D. in applied physics and material sciences at Stanford University in 1995 but dropped out after two days to pursue an entrepreneurial career.
2: As an entrepreneur
In 1995, he and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, a web software company. The company developed and marketed an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry. Musk wanted to become CEO; however, none of the board members would allow it. Compaq acquired Zip2 for US$340 million in 1999.
X.com and PayPal:
In 1999 after Zip2, he co-founded X.com, online financial services, and e-mail payment company, with US$10 million from the sale of Zip2. One year later, the company merged with Confinity, which had a money-transfer service called PayPal.
He was expelled in October 2000 from his role as CEO (although he remained on the board) due to disagreements with other companies leadership. In October 2002, PayPal was acquired by eBay for US$1.5 billion in stock, of which Musk received US$165 million.
Tesla, Inc. (originally Tesla Motors) was incorporated in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning. Both men played active roles in the company’s early development prior to Elon Musk’s involvement. He led the initial round of investment in February 2004, joining Tesla’s board of directors as its chairman.
He took an active role within the company and oversaw Roadster product design at a detailed level, but was not deeply involved in day-to-day business operations.
Following the financial crisis in 2008 and after a series of escalating conflicts in 2007, Eberhard was expelled from the firm. Musk assumed leadership of the company as CEO and product architect, positions he still holds today.
Tesla Motors first built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster in 2008, with sales of about 2,500 vehicles to 31 countries. Tesla began delivery of its four-door Model S sedan on June 22, 2012.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp.( or SpaceX), is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company.
It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. SpaceX has since developed the Falcon launch vehicle family and the Dragon spacecraft family, which both currently deliver payloads into Earth orbit.
SpaceX’s achievements include the first privately funded liquid-propellant rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 in 2008), the first private company to send a spacecraft to the ISS (Dragon in 2012), the first reuse of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017), and the first private company to launch an object into orbit around the sun (Falcon Heavy’s payload of a Tesla Roadster in 2018).
SpaceX has flown 14 resupply missions to the International Space Station (ISS) under a partnership with NASA. NASA also awarded SpaceX a further development contract in 2011 to develop and demonstrate a human-rated Dragon, which would be used to transport astronauts to the ISS and return them safely to Earth.
SpaceX announced in 2011 that it was beginning a reusable launch system technology development program. In December 2015, the first Falcon 9 was flown back to a landing pad near the launch site, where it successfully accomplished a propulsive vertical landing.
This was the first such achievement by a rocket for orbital spaceflight. In April 2016, with the launch of CRS-8, SpaceX successfully vertically landed the first stage on an ocean drone ship landing platform. In March 2017, SpaceX became the first to successfully re-launch and land the first stage of an orbital rocket.
His ambitious project
On August 12, 2013, he unveiled a concept for a high-speed transportation system incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors, outlined a notional route where such a transport system might be built: between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area.
If technologically feasible at the costs he has cited, would make Hyperloop travel cheaper than any other mode of transport for such long distances.
In June 2015, he announced a design competition for students and others to build Hyperloop pods to operate on a SpaceX-sponsored mile-long track in a 2015–2017 Hyperloop pod competition. The track was used in January 2017, and he also started building a tunnel.
Hyperloop One, a company unaffiliated with Musk, had announced that it had done its first successful test run on its DevLoop track in Nevada on July 13, 2017. It was on May 12, 2017, at 12:02 a.m. and had lasted 5.3 seconds, reaching a top speed of 70 mph.
On July 20, 2017, he announced that he had gotten verbal government approval to build a hyperloop from New York City to Washington, D.C.
In December 2015, he announced the creation of OpenAI, a not-for-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company. OpenAI aims to develop artificial general intelligence in a way that is safe and beneficial to humanity.
By making AI available to everyone, OpenAI wants to counteract large corporations who may gain too much power by owning super-intelligence systems devoted to profits, as well as governments which may use AI to gain power and use it in the developments and other various fields.
Note: In an interview with Joe Rogan in September 2018, Musk warned about the dangers of developing artificial intelligence indiscriminately.
In 2016, he co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology startup company to integrate the human brain with artificial intelligence. The company is centered on creating devices that can be implanted in the human brain, with the eventual purpose of helping human beings merge with software and keep pace with advancements in artificial intelligence. These enhancements could improve memory or allow more direct interfacing with computing devices.
He has stated that the goals of SpaceX, Tesla, and SolarCity revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. His goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption and reducing the risk of human extinction by establishing a human colony on Mars.
- In 2006, he served as a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.
- Listed as one of Time’s 100 people who most affected the world in 2010.
- In February 2011, Forbes listed Musk as one of “America’s 20 Most Powerful CEOs 40 And Under.”
- In 2012, he was awarded the Royal Aeronautical Society’s highest award: a Gold Medal.
- In June 2016, Business Insider named him one of the Top 10 Business Visionaries Creating Value for the World along with Mark Zuckerberg and Sal Khan.
- In December 2016, he was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The World’s Most Powerful People.
- He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2018.
Achievements by SpaceX
- The first privately funded liquid-fueled rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 flight 4-September 28, 2008).
- The first privately developed liquid-fueled rocket to put a commercial satellite in orbit (RazakSAT on Falcon 1 flight 5-July 14, 2009).
- The first private company to send a spacecraft to the ISS (Dragon C2+-May 25, 2012).
- The first private company to send a satellite into geosynchronous orbit (SES-8 on Falcon 9 flight 7-December 3, 2013).
- The first landing of an orbital rocket’s first stage on an ocean platform (Falcon 9 flight 23-April 8, 2016).
- The first relaunch and landing of a used orbital rocket stage (B1021 on Falcon 9 flight 32-March 30, 2017).
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Information source: Wikipedia